The General Theory and Keynes for the 21st Century
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The General Theory and Keynes for the 21st Century

Edited by Sheila Dow, Jesper Jespersen and Geoff Tily

This book is devoted to the lasting impact of The General Theory (and Keynes’s thought) on macroeconomic theory, methodology and its relevance for understanding the post-crisis challenges of the 21st Century. A number of contributions take their departure from Keynes's presentation during the 1930's of his new macroeconomic understanding and its policy implications. Other chapters take a more pluralistic view of Keynes's ideas and their importance for contemporary debates. Further, it is demonstrated that many textbooks often misrepresent The General Theory and therefore cannot be a reliable guide to 21st Century economic policy.
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Chapter 6: Expectations, equilibrium and time in The General Theory

Anna M. Carabelli and Mario A. Cedrini


A fundamental dimension in macroeconomics, time, is rarely portrayed as a prominent theme, because of the sharp contrasts that have historically divided economists using alternative conceptions of time, but also because of the conundrums brought about by incorporating time into economic models. This chapter provides an interpretation of John Maynard Keynes’s methodological reflections on the concept of time as (among others) complex and manifold magnitudes, which – confounding the choice of units for macroeconomics – requires economists to carefully avoid inconsistent logical reasoning about its characteristics, and instead to focus, as Keynes did, on change and transition.

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