Research Handbook of Investing in the Triple Bottom Line
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Research Handbook of Investing in the Triple Bottom Line

Finance, Society and the Environment

Edited by Sabri Boubaker, Douglas Cumming and Duc K. Nguyen

The triple bottom line is an accounting framework with social, environmental and financial factors. This Handbook examines the nexus between these areas by scrutinising aspects of socially responsible investment, finance and sustainable development, corporate socially responsible banking firms, the stock returns of sustainable firms, green bonds and sustainable financial instruments.
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chapter 2: How to better detect cases of financial reporting fraud: some new findings from earnings restatements

François Aubert, Jean-François Gajewski and Lamya Kermiche


This chapter examines the ability of the managed earnings component metric (MEC) and discretionary accrual-based models to detect financial reporting fraud. By using a comprehensive sample of Accounting and Auditing Enforcement Releases (AAERs) issued by the SEC during the reporting period January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2014, we show that using the innovative managed earnings component metric of a firm as an independent variable (Aubert and Grudnitski, 2012, 2014) – appears to be a more relevant indicator of accounting fraud than cross sectional models based on inspecting abnormal accruals estimated in the literature (Dechow et al., 2011; Hui et al., 2014). Overall, our findings contribute to substantially enhancing prior literature on corporate earnings materially misstated and should be of great interest for regulatory bodies interested in identifying and preventing voluntary financial misreporting such as the US Security and Exchange Commission, which has been continually improving its Accounting Quality Model (AQM or Robocop) fraud detection tool for many years.

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