Research Handbook on the Sociology of Education
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Research Handbook on the Sociology of Education

Edited by Rolf Becker

Presenting original contributions from the key experts in the field, the Research Handbook on the Sociology of Education explores the major theoretical, methodological, empirical and political challenges and pressing social questions facing education in current times.
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Chapter 16: Vocational education and training in comparative perspective

Corinna Kleinert and Marita Jacob


The advantages and disadvantages of vocational education and training (VET) have been highly debated in recent years: on the one hand VET is criticized for reproducing social inequality by channelling less privileged students into medium-skilled jobs, while keeping them away from higher education. On the other hand, VET is highly praised for generating smooth transitions to the labour market. In addition, vocationally trained workers might have difficulties adapting to new challenges later in their careers. This chapter aims to present an overview on (1) the relevance and forms of VET existing today, (2) theoretical concepts and (3) recent empirical studies in the field of VET, with a particular focus on comparative research. Comparing countries and country-specific institutions of VET within education systems allows to describe functional equivalents of providing and acquiring vocational qualifications, to compare inequality of access to education beyond compulsory schooling, and to evaluate the impact of institutions on transitions from school to work and later working careers.

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