Economic Stagnation in Japan
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Economic Stagnation in Japan

Exploring the Causes and Remedies of Japanization

Edited by Dongchul Cho, Takatoshi Ito and Andrew Mason

Japan’s dramatic transformation from economic success to economic stagnation offers important policy lessons to advanced countries everywhere that are struggling with stagnation. The term ‘Japanization’ is often used by economists to describe long-term stagnation and deflation. Symptoms include high unemployment, weak economic activity, interest rates near zero, quantitative easing, and population aging. In the global context, what can governments do to mitigate the downward trends experienced by Japan? This judiciously timed book investigates in depth the causes of Japan’s ‘lost decades’ versus the real recovery achieved by the United States, and the lessons that can be learned.
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Chapter 10: Is Korea’s monetary policy following in the footsteps of Japan?

Dongchul Cho

Abstract

Dongchul Cho examines Korea’s recent monetary policy in comparison with Japan’s experiences in the 1990s. As in Japan, the Bank of Korea’s forecasts were excessively optimistic during the 2012 to 2015 period, resulting in conservative monetary policy, while Korea differs from Japan in having a milder pace of disinflation and a low likelihood of a real estate bubble-bust. Nonetheless, conservative policy based on past experiences could become risky in a rapidly changing environment, particularly with Korea’s rapid aging and declining potential growth. The answer to the question, whether Korea with a lag of two decades will follow Japan into deflation, lies in future monetary policy.

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