Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Experimental Economics
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Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Experimental Economics

Edited by Arthur Schram and Aljaž Ule

This volume offers a comprehensive review of experimental methods in economics. Its 21 chapters cover theoretical and practical issues such as incentives, theory and policy development, data analysis, recruitment, software and laboratory organization. The Handbook includes separate parts on procedures, field experiments and neuroeconomics, and provides the first methodological overview of replication studies and a novel set-valued equilibrium concept. As a whole, the combination of basic methods and current developments will aid both beginners and advanced experimental economists.
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Chapter 16: Subject pools and recruitment

Ben Greiner and Marianne Stephanides


We discuss several key issues of subject recruitment for economic experiments: research ethics, sample size planning, recruitment selection bias, and subject pool management. First, we explore the history of human subjects research ethics and the application of ethical principles to economic experiments. Second, we discuss importance and tools to determine necessary sample sizes in advance in order to balance power, error probabilities, and experimenter budget, taking a short recourse into the basics of null hypothesis testing. Third, we consider evidence for recruitment selection bias, at which stages this selection may be effective, and how to possibly overcome such bias. Fourth, for different types of human subjects, we discuss recruitment issues and tools to manage these subject pools.  We conclude with practical recommendations for ethically correct, selection-bias minimizing, and efficient recruitment procedures.

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