The Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Contexts
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The Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Contexts

Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Ulla Hytti, Robert Blackburn and Silke Tegtmeier

Context is everything in entrepreneurship research. This book compellingly demonstrates the ways in which the distinctive European cultural, societal and geographic environments enable research into new entrepreneurial phenomena. It also gives guidance as to how future research should endeavour to understand the influences of context.
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Chapter 5: Cultural repertoires of the division of labour market and family responsibilities between Slovak entrepreneurial couples and their gendered nature

Marie Pospíšilová

Abstract

The chapter studies division of responsibilities and roles between work and family spheres. It specifically analyses discursive practices concerning the division of tasks at home and at work, paying close attention to how those practices are gendered and embedded in cultural settings. The research is based on qualitative in-depth interviews. Our theoretical approach is social constructivism: we understand entrepreneurial and gender roles not as something stable but rather as something negotiated, constantly, during social interactions. The research reveals five repertoires: traditional, competence-based, responsibility, collective and function-based. It becomes apparent that the repertoires are strongly embedded in the traditional division of roles in Slovakian society. We show the specificity of the Slovakian context as post-socialist country. The research unveils the (also gendered) nature of the element of romantic relationship (partnership), which is specific to copreneurial couples and may justify the gender division as well as compensate for it.

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