The Centrality of Citizenship
Edited by Nils A. Butenschøn and Roel Meijer
Chapter 7: Citizenship in the 2014 Egyptian Constitution
The Egyptian Constitution of 2014 has been widely praised as a secular document that enshrined greater rights for Egyptian citizens. The Constitution of 2012, by contrast, was labelled as that of an authoritarian Islamist state, at odds with international standards of human rights. A thorough comparison of the two documents, however, challenges the binary narratives that surround them: there are more similarities than differences between the two constitutions, even though the religious provisions in the Constitution of 2012 received much attention. This chapter analyses the status of the citizen in the Constitution of 2014 by studying its drafting process to assess whether it was inclusive and allowed representation for a large number of citizens. An analysis of citizens’ rights and implementation mechanisms established by the Constitution will then follow. If the Constitution of 2014 enshrined greater rights for citizens than previous texts, they have so far remained as theoretical as they were under the 1971 and 2012 constitutions.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.