The Middle East in Transition
Show Less

The Middle East in Transition

The Centrality of Citizenship

Edited by Nils A. Butenschøn and Roel Meijer

The violent transitions that have dominated developments since the Arab Uprisings demonstrate deep-seated divisions in the conceptions of state authority and citizen rights and responsibilities. Analysing the Middle East through the lens of the ‘citizenship approach’, this book argues that the current diversity of crisis in the region can be ascribed primarily to the crisis in the relations between state and citizen. The volume includes theoretical discussions and case studies, and covers both Arab and non-Arab countries.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 14: After the Arab Spring: toward women’s economic citizenship

Valentine M. Moghadam


The Arab Spring reflected aspirations for new relations between states and citizens and between women and men. In most cases these aspirations were not realised, but in some countries women have continued to strive for empowerment and equality. Doing so requires overcoming outdated legal frameworks and social norms, along with limited opportunities for salaried employment. In turn, enhancing women’s economic participation through key social rights will have broader economic and societal benefits. Offering an expansive definition of citizenship, this chapter reviews the obstacles to women’s labour force participation and suggests a pathway toward their economic citizenship.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.