Edited by Chris Ashford and Alexander Maine
Chapter 4: Diplomacy, conditionality and transnational LGBTI rights
This chapter explores the legal effects of transnational forms of political, diplomatic and financial action adopted to support and advance LGBTI rights. In particular, it addresses the way in which political strategies that rely on simplistic or dichotomized approaches to transnational LGBTI rights, based in simple binaries such as Global North/Global South or progressive/regressive, can have unexpected and problematic legal consequences. The chapter draws upon recent critical approaches to transnational LGBTI rights to examine three forms of transnational pressure for LGBTI rights: quiet diplomacy, public diplomacy and financial conditionalities. It demonstrates that all three forms of pressure were present in the transnational response to the Ugandan Anti-Homosexuality Act 2014 and explores the effects of these forms of pressure. The chapter concludes that transnational action that remains trapped within dichotomous or dualistic logics will have only limited long-term efficacy.
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