Research Handbook on Gender, Sexuality and the Law
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Research Handbook on Gender, Sexuality and the Law

Edited by Chris Ashford and Alexander Maine

This innovative and thought-provoking Research Handbook explores not only current debates in the area of gender, sexuality and the law but also points the way for future socio-legal research and scholarship. It presents wide-ranging insights and debates from across the globe, including Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Australia, with contributions from leading scholars and activists alongside exciting emergent voices.
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Chapter 4: Diplomacy, conditionality and transnational LGBTI rights

Kay Lalor


This chapter explores the legal effects of transnational forms of political, diplomatic and financial action adopted to support and advance LGBTI rights. In particular, it addresses the way in which political strategies that rely on simplistic or dichotomized approaches to transnational LGBTI rights, based in simple binaries such as Global North/Global South or progressive/regressive, can have unexpected and problematic legal consequences. The chapter draws upon recent critical approaches to transnational LGBTI rights to examine three forms of transnational pressure for LGBTI rights: quiet diplomacy, public diplomacy and financial conditionalities. It demonstrates that all three forms of pressure were present in the transnational response to the Ugandan Anti-Homosexuality Act 2014 and explores the effects of these forms of pressure. The chapter concludes that transnational action that remains trapped within dichotomous or dualistic logics will have only limited long-term efficacy.

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