A Research Agenda for Tourism and Development
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A Research Agenda for Tourism and Development

Edited by Richard Sharpley and David Harrison

Tourism is integral to local, regional and national development policies; as a major global economic sector, it has the potential to underpin economic growth and wider development. Yet, transformations in both the nature of tourism and the dynamic environment within which it occurs give rise to new questions with regards to its developmental role. This Research Agenda offers a state-of-the-art review of the research into the tourism-development nexus. Exploring issues including governance, policy, philanthropy, poverty reduction and tourism consumption, it identifies significant gaps in the literature, and proposes new and sometimes provocative avenues for future research.
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Chapter 7: Community-based tourism and ‘development’

Tazim Jamal, Christine Budke and Ingrid Barradas-Bribiesca

Abstract

There is a great need for ‘community-based tourism’ (CBT) to devise new, holistic ways to embrace other cultural worldviews instead of relying on the dominant Eurocentric values that have driven ‘development’. The chapter commences with a brief review and critique of some key principles and approaches to CBT development and governance. Two paradigm shifts are then offered for consideration: a ‘One Health’ perspective and an approach that embraces a plurality of worldviews and practices beyond those sedimented by modernist, Enlightenment values. This is followed by a case study of rural endogenous development in the transitional Otomi community of Cudilla, Mexico, where a local microfinance non-governmental organization is facilitating women’s empowerment and involvement in local enterprise. The chapter ends with a call for greater attention to critical, reflexive research approaches and, especially in the postcolonial and Indigenous context, decolonizing methodologies.

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