Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe
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Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe

Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis

Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander and Daniel Silander

The economic crisis has had severe and negative impacts on the EU over the last decade. This book focuses on a neglected dimension by examining European political entrepreneurship in times of economic crisis with particular emphasis on EU member-states, institutions and policies. The main focus is on the role that the political entrepreneur can play in promoting entrepreneurship and growth. It is argued that the political entrepreneur and political entrepreneurship can positively influence the conditions for entrepreneurial activity and business.
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Chapter 3: Institutional entrepreneurship: a different perspective on political entrepreneurs?

Birgit Leick and Susanne Gretzinger

Abstract

The authors present a literature review on institutional entrepreneurship as a complementary perspective to political entrepreneurship. They argue that the bulk of studies on institutional entrepreneurship focus on different types of agents with the interest and capacity to change institutions and institutionalised practices. The main focus of the chapter is to describe triggers, activities and effects of institutional entrepreneurs as well as how a perspective of institutional entrepreneurship complements a perspective of political entrepreneurship. The authors argue that political entrepreneurs can be institutional entrepreneurs and that institutional entrepreneurship provides a broader perspective by focusing on the transformative process of institutional change both within and outside a policy arena. Both institutional entrepreneurship and political entrepreneurship provide insights into change agents that seek new opportunities to change the institutional setting. However, political entrepreneurship is about the public sector and how to provide new windows of opportunities for entrepreneurial activities.

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