Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe
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Governance and Political Entrepreneurship in Europe

Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis

Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander and Daniel Silander

The economic crisis has had severe and negative impacts on the EU over the last decade. This book focuses on a neglected dimension by examining European political entrepreneurship in times of economic crisis with particular emphasis on EU member-states, institutions and policies. The main focus is on the role that the political entrepreneur can play in promoting entrepreneurship and growth. It is argued that the political entrepreneur and political entrepreneurship can positively influence the conditions for entrepreneurial activity and business.
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Chapter 9: Exploring preconditions for political entrepreneurship and integration in European societies

Anna Parkhouse and Per Strömblad

Abstract

This chapter analyses the institutional preconditions of political entrepreneurship for EU migration and integration policies. The main focus of this chapter is to identify the potential roles that European political entrepreneurs may play. In addition, this study also explores Europeans’ attitudes towards migrants along with cross-national institutional differences in focus. The authors argue that immigration and migration to Europe are necessary to handle Europe’s demographic challenges. However, the large influx of refugees in 2015 created political overload on individual member states, resulting in the reintroduction of territorial border controls and restrictive migration policies. As a consequence, EU institutions have acted entrepreneurially to assist member states with improving the integration of potential labour migrants and refugees in Europe. Further, this study also argues for the importance of changes in European mindsets, leaving this study to identify necessary top-down and bottom-up changes to promote European integration.

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