Promoting Growth and Welfare in Times of Crisis
Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander and Daniel Silander
Chapter 9: Exploring preconditions for political entrepreneurship and integration in European societies
This chapter analyses the institutional preconditions of political entrepreneurship for EU migration and integration policies. The main focus of this chapter is to identify the potential roles that European political entrepreneurs may play. In addition, this study also explores Europeans’ attitudes towards migrants along with cross-national institutional differences in focus. The authors argue that immigration and migration to Europe are necessary to handle Europe’s demographic challenges. However, the large influx of refugees in 2015 created political overload on individual member states, resulting in the reintroduction of territorial border controls and restrictive migration policies. As a consequence, EU institutions have acted entrepreneurially to assist member states with improving the integration of potential labour migrants and refugees in Europe. Further, this study also argues for the importance of changes in European mindsets, leaving this study to identify necessary top-down and bottom-up changes to promote European integration.
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