Edited by Shirlena Huang and Kanchana N. Ruwanpura
Chapter 6: Gender, ageing, and health in China
This chapter reviews the recent literature on how intergenerational support, living arrangements, and elderly care are associated with ageing-related health outcomes among the Chinese elderly. Based on the review of the literature, this chapter highlights two research gaps: first, the lack of a gender perspective in understanding ageing and health in quantitative studies; and, second, the relative absence of qualitative studies to further the theoretical understanding of the micro-level gendered experiences of ageing that have been revealed by quantitative studies. The second part of the chapter uses five waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2002 to 2014) to discuss the socio-demographic characteristics of China’s ageing population as well as the prevalence of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) limitations, cognitive impairment, emotional distress and self-reported chronic diseases in the Chinese population aged 60 and above, with a specific focus on gender.
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