Handbook on Gender in Asia
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Handbook on Gender in Asia

Edited by Shirlena Huang and Kanchana N. Ruwanpura

The Handbook on Gender in Asia critically examines, through a gender perspective, five broad themes of significance to Asia: the ‘Theory and Practice’ of researching in Asia; ‘Gender, Ageing and Health’; ‘Gender and Labour’; ‘Gendered Migrations and Mobilities’; and ‘Gender at the Margins’. With each chapter providing an overview of the key intellectual developments on the issue under discussion, as well as empirical examples to examine how the Asian case sheds light on these debates, this collection will be an invaluable reference for scholars of gender and Asia.
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Chapter 8: Parent care in transnational families: Experiences of Taiwanese-Chinese families in Australia and New Zealand

Lan-Hung Nora Chiang and Elsie Seckyee Ho


The growing phenomenon of transnational families has exacerbated the problems of eldercare in many countries in the world. In East Asian societies where women and family continue to play dominant roles in the care of the elderly, how transnational migration and family separation has reconfigured traditional gendered norms and conventional ways of family-based parent care has been under-studied. This chapter reviews the relevant literature on aged care in East Asia before turning to discuss our empirical research based on in-depth interviews with Taiwanese-Chinese immigrants in Australia and New Zealand where adult children are providing care to their aged parents living in Taiwan. Gender differences of transnational caregivers’ attitudes towards filial piety, how filial responsibilities are performed through transnational care-giving, and how care responsibilities are shared among children, especially daughters and daughters-in-law, are examined. This chapter hopes to contribute an important perspective to the literature related to gender, ageing and health of elderly in transnational contexts.

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