Handbook on the Politics of Small States
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Handbook on the Politics of Small States

Edited by Godfrey Baldacchino and Anders Wivel

Comprehensive and timely, this Handbook identifies the key characteristics, challenges and opportunities involved in the politics of small states across the globe today. Acknowledging the historical legacies behind these states, the chapters unpack the costs and benefits of different political models for small states.
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Chapter 10: Politics of the four European microstates: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco and San Marino

Wouter P. Veenendaal


Reflecting their diminutive size and protracted existence as sovereign states, the political systems of the four European microstates – Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco and San Marino – contain various idiosyncratic elements, as well as some unique political institutions. The chapter offers an in-depth analysis of the political systems, international relations and economic and societal characteristics of these four European microstates. Moreover, European integration and the exploitation of niche markets have provided these very small states with great opportunities. Yet, as with other small states, such occasions are always accompanied by risks and vulnerabilities.

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