Gender and Generational Division in EU Citizenship
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Gender and Generational Division in EU Citizenship

Edited by Trudie Knijn and Manuela Naldini

Family law, gender equality, care arrangements and the consequences of demographic change have long been on the agenda of the European Union. However, these are coloured by national and cultural factors more than any other disputes, and form a barrier to the equalising of status for European citizens. Using an interdisciplinary approach, and bringing together law scholars, political scientists and sociologists, this book looks at the implications of the categorisation of identity in the European Union, and what they mean for the realisation of citizens’ rights throughout the EU.
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Chapter 2: Rights for women, migrants and minorities: Consensus and silences in the European Parliament

Anita Nissen and Lise Rolandsen Agustín


The chapter explains the tensions and divergent stances that have ensued in the European Parliament (EP) regarding intra-EU mobility and third-country immigration from a gender perspective. The EP-level consensus in relation to migration, mobility, and social rights is to some extent built on silences regarding potential implementation challenges, due to wide Member State differences in welfare and migration regimes, as well as labour market and care arrangement models. Thus, Member State resistance to EU intervention in social policies, and the challenges of portable social security rights, as well as debates on welfare tourism and welfare chauvinism, are left largely untouched. Major obstacles to mobility are identified, but the clash between mobility and social rights is not substantially addressed in EP policies and debates. By emphasizing dynamics of contestation, consensus and silences, we seek to shed light on possibilities and limitations of the role of the FEMM Committee and the EP as policy-makers within the area of freedom of movement and migration.

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