Research Handbook on Law and Courts
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Research Handbook on Law and Courts

Edited by Susan M. Sterett and Lee D. Walker

The Research Handbook on Law and Courts provides a systematic analysis of new work on courts as governing institutions. Authors consider how courts have taken on regulating fundamental categories of inclusion and exclusion, including citizenship rights. Courts’ centrality to governance is addressed in sections on judicial processes, sub-national courts, and political accountability, all analyzed in multiple legal/political systems. Other chapters turn to analyzing the worldwide push for diversity in staffing courts. Finally, the digitization of records changes both court processes and studying courts. Authors included in the Handbook discuss theoretical, empirical and methodological approaches to studying courts as governing institutions. They also identify promising areas of future research.
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Chapter 29: All your data will be held against you: secondary use of data from personal genomics and wearable tech

Andelka M. Phillips

Abstract

Personal data is everywhere. Individuals leave data trails through their use of various technologies, often without their knowledge or consent. This data can be repurposed by businesses for the purposes of marketing or other secondary research. However, it is also being used by other entities, such as the pharmaceutical and insurance industries, and it is beginning to be used by law enforcement in the context of legal proceedings and criminal investigations. This is an exploratory chapter, which discusses the impact of electronic contracts and privacy policies on individuals’ rights in their personal data. This discussion is centred on two examples: direct-to-consumer genetic tests (DTC or personal genomics); and wearable devices. Both these industries are examples of new technologies that have created new markets and both involve the collection and processing of consumers’ data that has the potential to be reused for a wide range of secondary purposes. Often contracts and privacy policies are relied upon by businesses to govern their relationships with consumers and also to allow for reuse of such data and currently, business practices may often not be in compliance with the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

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