Creating Psychologically Healthy Workplaces
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Creating Psychologically Healthy Workplaces

Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Astrid M. Richardsen

Workplaces can often be sources of stress, interfering with both job satisfaction and performance. This book explores ways to combat the factors contributing to an unhealthy workplace by building on the advances in positive psychology and organizational scholarship over the last 15 years.
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Chapter 18: Work–life balance, stress and well-being: moderating effects of psychological capital

Carolyn M. Youssef-Morgan and Lanell Craig


Work–life balance can promote employee well-being and productivity, as well as organizational competitiveness, financial performance, and sustainability. This chapter discusses the role of work–life balance in alleviating stress and promoting well-being. Furthermore, psychological capital (PsyCap), a multidimensional positive psychological construct that includes hope, efficacy, resilience and optimism, is proposed as an additive and interactive resource that can influence stress and well-being, both directly, as well as indirectly through boosting the favorable impact of work–life balance and alleviating the harmful effects of stress on well-being. Potential mechanisms for the proposed linkages are discussed. Implications for research and practice end the chapter.

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