Civil Rights and EU Citizenship
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Civil Rights and EU Citizenship

Challenges at the Crossroads of the European, National and Private Spheres

Edited by Sybe de Vries, Henri de Waele and Marie-Pierre Granger

The process of European integration has had a marked influence on the nature and meaning of citizenship in national and post-national contexts as well as on the definition and exercise of civil rights across Member States. This original edited collection brings together insights from EU law, human rights and comparative constitutional law to address this underexplored nexus.
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Chapter 2: Post-Lisbon civil rights protection by the EU’s political institutions

John Morijn


This chapter analyses the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights by the EU’s political institutions, as well as the Fundamental Rights Agency. Focusing on systematic measures put in place to check Charter compliance, it first of all finds that although these instruments appear useful in terms of design, their use may be subject to improvement and intensification. It is argued that these checks are a logical consequence of the Charter’s binding nature and that no additional compliance tools are needed. Hereafter, studying general and specific civil rights protection measures and actions of the political institutions and FRA, it is argued that there is now a sense of overlapping efforts. In conclusion, it contends that the groundwork is in place to protect and promote the Charter’s civil rights, but that the onus is also on those who seek to use it to do so (more) effectively.

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