Re-Thinking Legal and Factual Barriers in the Internal Market
Edited by Sybe de Vries, Elena Ioriatti, Paolo Guarda and Elisabetta Pulice
Chapter 6: From economic crisis to identity crisis: the spoliation of EU and national citizenships
European citizenship partly complements and is partly at odds with national citizenship. Both, however, are being seriously undermined by the measures of economic governance that the European Union (EU) has had to adopt in order to face the economic crisis. Based on Marshall’s definition of citizenship, the chapter examines the ways in which the powers conferred upon non-accountable, technocratic, economy-oriented bodies imbibed by austerity policies negatively affect civil, political and social rights. This ‘outside pressure’ coming from the EU level limits core national choices connected to citizenship; but, most importantly, makes the EU and its citizenship look undesirable to European citizens.
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