Moving Beyond Barriers
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Moving Beyond Barriers

Prospects for EU Citizenship

Edited by Sandra Seubert, Marcel Hoogenboom, Trudie Knijn, Sybe de Vries and Frans van Waarden

This book identifies, analyses and compares a variety of possible ‘barriers’ to the exercise of European citizenship and discusses ways to move beyond these barriers. It contributes in a multi-disciplinary way to a highly topical issue and offers new perspectives on EU citizenship in the sense that it critically analyses concepts of citizenship, the way EU citizenship is politically, legally and socially institutionalized, and elaborates alternatives to the current paths of realizing EU citizenship.
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Chapter 11: Gender and generational interdependencies and divisions among EU citizens

Trudie Knijn and Manuela Naldini


This chapter analyses why the EU has only partially succeeded in realising gender equality in its Member States and has failed in offering a better future for its coming generations. The EU has regulated work-related policies and, relatedly, those aspects of family policies that contribute to economic growth, a mobile and knowledge-based labour market. In that process, other family-related issues get less priority, with negative consequences for gender and intergenerational relations. It concludes that a double ‘domestification’ – national and in the private home – of gender and intergenerational citizenship rights results from dissimilar family laws and family policies in the Member States which are mostly beyond the scope of the EU. The chapter is based on a study of six European countries and focuses on the various legal definitions of the family in Member States and the European care gap dilemma. It also presents results of a study among young Europeans on their expectations regarding the intra-EU mobility and/or harmonisation of these rights at EU level. Finally, the approach to gender equality, intergenerational solidarity and family life of anti-European radical right-wing political parties that proclaim re-nationalisation of citizenship rights is presented.

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