Conservationists argue that trade may be conducive to the conservation of endangered species. This approach has surfaced on the international plane in the context of the deliberations of the CITES COP as well as in South Africa, which recently published draft regulations on the domestic trade in rhinoceros horn. South Africa is home to the majority of African rhinoceroses and also faces a poaching crisis. The ‘sustainable utilisation through commercialisation’ approach, however, ignores the emergence of the importance of wildlife welfare in law. Hence, this chapter assesses the link between trade in rhinoceros horn and the conservation of rhinoceros in the context of the relationship between animal welfare and conservation.
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