New Contexts and Challenges in Europe
Edited by Stefania Marino, Judith Roosblad and Rinus Penninx
Chapter 6: Trade unions and migration in Austria, 1993–2015
This chapter describes and analyses Austrian trade unions’ attitudes and actions towards immigration and migrant workers during the past two decades. This recent history has been tumultuous and European Union membership provided for far-reaching changes to migration controls, leaving trade unions with much less influence on migrant workers’ access to the Austrian labour market than before. When trade unions are still in a position to exert influence, they essentially stick to their orthodoxies of how they handled immigration and immigrant workers in the past. Wherever possible, they try to maintain control using their role in the labour market to test newly entering migrants. The integration of migrants continues to be interpreted in terms of cultural difference, not in terms of discrimination. Equal treatment policies continue to disregard unequal obstacles.
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