Transnational Business Governance Interactions
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Transnational Business Governance Interactions

Advancing Marginalized Actors and Enhancing Regulatory Quality

Edited by Stepan Wood, Rebecca Schmidt, Errol Meidinger, Burkard Eberlein and Kenneth W. Abbott

From agriculture to sport and from climate change to indigenous rights, transnational regulatory regimes and actors are multiplying and interacting with poorly understood effects. This interdisciplinary book investigates whether, how and by whom transnational business governance interactions (TBGIs) can be harnessed to improve the quality of transnational regulation and advance the interests of marginalized actors.
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Chapter 13: Transnational business governance interactions and financial regulation change: A case of Asian financial markets

Simin Gao and Christopher (Chao-Hung) Chen

Abstract

This chapter examines multi-level transnational business governance interactions (TBGIs) amongst schemes regulating global derivatives markets. It employs theories of coercive, mimetic and normative isomorphism to explain why Western governance models dominate, why governance models vary between the futures and over-the-counter (OTC) markets, and why East Asian state and market actors sometimes resist Western models. Futures exchanges worldwide adopt similar governance techniques, illustrating the forces of mimetic and normative isomorphism. The monopoly of the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) scheme over the governance of the over-the-counter (OTC) market evidences mimetic isomorphism. After the global financial crisis, both the OTC and futures regimes were disrupted by the G20’s coercive isomorphism, which consolidated Western dominance but generated resistance by some Asian regulators and exchange operators. The authors emphasize not just asymmetric Western power, but also the agency of Asian state and market actors who resist Western models to protect local interests.

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