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Self-Employment as Precarious Work

A European Perspective

Wieteke Conen and Joop Schippers

Since the 1970s the long term decline in self-employment has slowed – and even reversed in some countries – and the prospect of ‘being your own boss’ is increasingly topical in the discourse of both the general public and within academia. Traditionally, self-employment has been associated with independent entrepreneurship, but increasingly it has become a form of precarious work. This book utilises evidence-based information to address both the current and future challenges of this trend as the nature of self-employment changes, as well as to demonstrate where, when and why self-employment has emerged as precarious work in Europe.
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Contents

List of contributors
Preface
1 Self-employment: between freedom and insecurity

Wieteke Conen and Joop Schippers
PART I DO WE HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT THE ‘NEW SELF-EMPLOYED’? THEORY AND CONTEXT
2 Labour market flexibility, self-employment and precariousness

Joop Schippers
3 Social protection for the self-employed: an EU legal perspective

Hanneke Bennaars
4 Self-employment, pensions and the risk of poverty in old age

Uwe Fachinger
PART II SELF-EMPLOYMENT AND PRECARIOUS WORK IN EUROPE: EMPIRICAL RESULTS
5 Self-employment: independent ‘enterprise’, or precarious low-skilled work? The case of the UK

Nigel Meager
6 Micro-entrepreneurship and changing contours of work: towards precarious work relations? Empirical findings from Austria

Dieter Bögenhold, Andrea Klinglmair, Zulaicha Parastuty and Florian Kandutsch
7 Precariousness and social risks among solo self-employed in Germany and the Netherlands

Wieteke Conen and Maarten Debets
8 Between precariousness and freedom: the ambivalent condition of independent professionals in Italy

Paolo Borghi and Annalisa Murgia
9 Bogus self-employment in Sweden

Dominique Anxo and Thomas Ericson
10 Precariousness among older self-employed workers in Europe

Wieteke Conen
11 Migrant self-employment in Germany: on the risks, characteristics and determinants of precarious work

Stefan Berwing, Andrew Isaak and René Leicht
PART III IMPLICATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH AGENDA
12 The matter of representation: precarious self-employment and interest organizations

Giedo Jansen and Roderick Sluiter
13 The ‘new’ self-employed and hybrid forms of employment: challenges for social policies in Europe

Karin Schulze Buschoff
14 Between freedom and insecurity: future challenges

Joop Schippers and Wieteke Conen
Index