Handbook of Urban Segregation
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Handbook of Urban Segregation

Edited by Sako Musterd

The Handbook of Urban Segregation scrutinises key debates on spatial inequality in cities across the globe. It engages with multiple domains, including residential places, public spaces and the field of education. In addition it tackles crucial group-dimensions across race, class and culture as well as age groups, the urban rich, middle class, and gentrified households. This timely Handbook provides a key contribution to understanding what urban segregation is about, why it has developed, what its consequences are and how it is measured, conceptualised and framed.
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Chapter 8: Urban and school segregation in the larger Paris metropolitan area: a complex interweaving with a strong qualitative impact on social cohesion

Marco Oberti

Abstract

In big French cities, because of a school catchment area policy based on the place of residence, there is a strong correlation between socio-residential segregation and school segregation. But the latter is not the exact and mechanical reflection of the former, because of many possibilities of avoiding the local public school. This chapter will present and discuss how and why school segregation is higher than residential segregation, and to some extent why school issues are more and more interwoven with residential strategies. First, we show that school segregation is the result of many processes related to school policies, parental strategies and urban inequalities. Then, we show that school segregation has not only an impact on school achievement, but also on more qualitative issues which deal with the perception of inequalities and the feeling of discrimination.

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