Edited by Sako Musterd
Chapter 9: Racial and economic segregation in the US: overlapping and reinforcing dimensions
With respect to residential segregation, race has been the primary sorting mechanism in the United States. Declines in racial segregation since the peak in 1970 have led some authors to declare “the end of the segregated century.” This chapter disputes that characterization, providing a careful review of the level and trends in racial segregation and its relation to economic segregation, which is in fact growing over time. Racial and economic segregation are dynamically related and vary widely among regions and specific metropolitan areas, in part due to different policies regarding land use and zoning. From a theoretical perspective, this chapter argues that segregation should be analyzed from the perspective of the access of minority and disadvantaged individuals to the resources and opportunities of the majority group.
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