Handbook of Urban Segregation
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Handbook of Urban Segregation

Edited by Sako Musterd

The Handbook of Urban Segregation scrutinises key debates on spatial inequality in cities across the globe. It engages with multiple domains, including residential places, public spaces and the field of education. In addition it tackles crucial group-dimensions across race, class and culture as well as age groups, the urban rich, middle class, and gentrified households. This timely Handbook provides a key contribution to understanding what urban segregation is about, why it has developed, what its consequences are and how it is measured, conceptualised and framed.
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Chapter 16: Socioeconomic segregation and the middle classes in Paris, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo: a comparative perspective

Edmond Préteceille and Adalberto Cardoso

Abstract

The chapter analyses the structure and trends of socioeconomic segregation in Paris, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo in the first decade of the twenty-first century. It addresses four main issues: (1) the need for and difficulties of comparative analysis, with a particular emphasis on questions such as units of analysis, quality of census data and design, and notably the construction of comparative socioeconomic categories; (2) the interpretation of similarities and differences in segregation structures and trends in the three metropoles, as measured by different segregation indexes; (3) a methodological evaluation of the usefulness of different measures and indexes of urban segregation; (4) and the comparative analysis of our proposed typology of socio-spatial categories, as well as their change in ten years. We show that social and spatial change in the three cities have resulted in a shift towards higher socio-spatial status in all the types. This result dismisses for the three cities the dualization hypothesis, but it does not exclude some degree of greater polarization, the mechanisms of which are hypothesized in the study.

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