Reducing Inequalities in Europe
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Reducing Inequalities in Europe

How Industrial Relations and Labour Policies Can Close the Gap

Edited by Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead

International debate has recently focused on increased inequalities and the adverse effects they may have on both social and economic developments. Income inequality, now at its highest level for the past half-century, may not only undermine the sustainability of European social policy but also put at risk Europe’s sustainable recovery. A common feature of recent reports on inequality (ILO, OECD, IMF, 2015–17) is their recognition that the causes emerge from mechanisms in the world of work. The purpose of this book is to investigate the possible role of industrial relations, and labour policies more generally, in reducing these inequalities.
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Chapter 4: Social dialogue in France under pressure: Can worker security be achieved in a context of increasing job flexibility?

Pierre Courtioux and Christine Erhel


The French model of social dialogue has undergone several reforms that have further accelerated over recent years (since the 2008 crisis). The purpose of this chapter is to present some evidence on such ‘modernisation’ of social dialogue’, most recent trends and its links with labour market inequalities, wages and employment inequalities. It notably explores the effects of decentralisation and the inclusion of some flexicurity components at three traditional levels of social dialogue: national, sectoral and firm levels. It also describes the various sources of inequality emerging in the labour market before exploring the possible role of social dialogue – together with the involvement of the state – to generate more balanced and sustainable outcomes.

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