A Research Agenda for Housing
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A Research Agenda for Housing

Edited by Markus Moos

Housing is one of the most pertinent issues of our time. Shaped by rapid urbanization, financialization, and various changes in demography, technology, political ideology and public policy, the provision of affordable, adequate, and suitable housing has become an increasingly challenging feat. From high-rise apartment towers constructed in global cities around the world to informal settlements rapidly expanding across the global south, this volume focuses on how political, economic, and societal changes are shaping housing in a variety of contexts.
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Chapter 5: Affordable home-ownership and mortgage markets in an international context

Piyush Tiwari

Abstract

Since there are vast social and economic benefits that flow from homeownership through household wealth, position and living standards, the affordability of homeownership is among many nations’ priorities. Despite this focus, for a sizeable proportion of world’s population, homeownership is unaffordable. The literature has attributed lack of housing affordability to rising land and housing prices, lack of housing supply, restrictive land use regulations and entitlements, and the inhibiting structure and depth of mortgage finance. There is simultaneity between housing and mortgage affordability. Literature has also suggested market, policy and regulatory interventions to address housing affordability, which in the case of mortgage finance relate to development of securitization markets, better mortgage instrument design and performance of mortgage institutions. This chapter examines key issues that pose constraints for mortgage affordability which in turn delay homeownership and/or lead to sub-optimal consumption of housing by households, particularly young and low-income households. Select theoretical and empirical research in these areas in an international context is reviewed to achieve this objective. The chapter also defines the agenda for future research in policy and mortgage institutional design to meet the housing affordability challenge.

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