Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer
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Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer

Edited by Jacob H. Rooksby

Written by leading experts from across the world, this Handbook expertly places intellectual property issues in technology transfer into their historical and political context whilst also exploring and framing the development of these intersecting domains for innovative universities in the present and the future.
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Chapter 2: University technology transfer structure and intellectual property policies

Jennifer Carter-Johnson

Abstract

University technology transfer is big business. From 1996–2015, university technology transfer activities contributed almost six billion dollars to the United State gross domestic product. To accomplish these activities, universities implement entrepreneurial methods to transfer new creations made by members of the university community to the public benefit—specifically perfecting intellectual property rights, licensing, and creating start-ups. This Chapter begins with a brief overview of the history of university technology transfer to situate the discussion of current technology transfer issues. Technology transfer office structure options are then discussed before turning to an overview of intellectual property policies that govern the technology transfer process at various universities. Finally, the Chapter wraps up with a discussion of the incentives of various groups within the technology transfer process.

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