Edited by Stephen F. McCool and Keith Bosak
Chapter 12: Monitoring river visitor use in a complex social-ecological system
Capacities need to be strengthened for diverse actors at every step of the sustainable tourism value chain. Stakeholders need to be adaptable to deal with complex and changing socioecological conditions. Agencies, communities and businesses of all types and sizes need technical skills and capacity for adaptive governance, planning and conflict management. Because of the seasonal nature of tourism, and risks of lack of diversification, individuals and institutions involved in tourism often need to be trained in complementary productive activities to strengthen economic stability, diversity, livelihoods and resilience. Against this background, what capacities do communities, agencies and businesses need? Who identifies needs? How do government policies and programs contribute? Who oversees, implements and monitors training investments? Finally, what are gaps in research and investment to build long-term capacity to ensure more sustainable tourism outcomes?
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