Show Less
You do not have access to this content



The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content


Costantino Grasso and Gloria Alvarez


This chapter offers a commentary to Article 25 of the Energy Charter Treaty, which sets out rules to be applied where a Contracting Party is also party to an Economic Integration Agreement (EIA). The chapter deals with the difficulties of defining and regulating this kind of international legal instruments, whose scope may vary significantly and that may be established at the multilateral, regional, interregional, plurilateral or bilateral level. It then explains how Article 25 provides a general exception establishing that the provisions of the treaty cannot be interpreted in a way to oblige a Contracting Party, which is also party to an EIA, to extend, by means of most-favoured-nation treatment, to another Contracting Party which is not a party to that EIA, any preferential treatment applicable between the parties to that agreement.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.