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The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
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Silke Goldberg, Naomi Lisney and Anne Eckenroth


This chapter discusses the requirement under Article 31 for the provisional Charter Conference to examine the inclusion of energy-related equipment in the trade-related provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty ("ECT"), which originally applied only to trade in fossil and other forms of fuels. The Amendment to the Trade-Related Provisions of the ECT extended the scope of the ECT to include a large variety of energy-related equipment, helping to ensure the ECT remains relevant to the entire energy sector, whilst removing barriers to trade, allowing for the development of an open market, and promoting access to environmental technologies within emerging economies.

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