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The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
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Odysseas G. Repousis


Article 41 deals with accession to the Energy Charter Treaty. Specifically, unlike Article 38 (signature), Article 41 only applies to States and Regional Economic Integration Organizations that accede to the Energy Charter Treaty after 16 June 1995 (see Art 38). These parties may therefore become Contracting Parties to the Energy Charter Treaty without prior signature. However, instruments of accession must be deposited with the depositary. In all accession cases, prior approval of the Energy Charter Conference is required.

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