Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty
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Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty

Edited by Rafael Leal-Arcas

The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
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Leonie Reins


Article 2 of the Energy Charter Treaty lays down the purpose of the Treaty. The provision highlights the ‘treaty’s role in providing a legal framework promoting long-term cooperation, suggesting that the treaty is conceived as enhancing the stability required for such cooperation’. The Treaty’s purpose essentially contains four elements which are discussed in the following: 1. The establishment of a ‘legal framework’ aimed at; 2. The promotion of long-term cooperation in the energy field based on; 3. Complementarities and mutual benefits; 4. In accordance with the objectives and principles of the Charter.

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