Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty
Show Less

Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty

Edited by Rafael Leal-Arcas

The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

ARTICLE 3: INTERNATIONAL MARKETS

Pierre Serra

Abstract

This chapter provides a fine-grained analysis of the ECT Article 3 dedicated to ‘International Markets’. It details the dual obligation embodied by the wording of the provision: openness and competitiveness. Pursuant to this article, parties to the Charter must promote market openness as well as competition. The scope of these obligations is circumscribed to the energy sector as defined by the pertaining annexes to the Charter. Those annexes define the exact products and equipment that must be subject to alleviated trade and non-trade barriers and competition. This provision and the present commentary must be read in parallel to the Annex W.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.