Comparative Analysis and Critique
Edited by Helena Alviar García and Günter Frankenberg
Chapter 5: Authoritarian constitutionalism in the Islamic world: theoretical considerations and comparative observations on Syria and Turkey
This article initially explores the nature and interplay of power, authority and constitutionalism, before applying this theoretical framework to the cases of Syria’s constitutional referendum of 2012 and the Turkish constitutional referendum of 2017. Comparison of the two cases reveals sharply contrasting strategies of the actors involved: the case of Turkey exemplifies a conscious choice to transform transient political power into deeply rooted authority by essentially reshaping the foundation of the republic; Syria, on the other hand, presents itself as a borderline case of authoritarian constitutionalism since authority within the body politic is deliberately sacrificed through a thorough reliance on pure violence and foreign support in order to impose rule rather than to govern. Apart from these differences, shared challenges to constitutional authority will also be demonstrated and – drawing on the first, analytical section of the contribution – possible remedies pointed out.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.