Research Handbook on Community Development
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Research Handbook on Community Development

Edited by Rhonda Phillips, Eric Trevan and Patsy Kraeger

This timely Research Handbook offers new ways in which to navigate the diverse terrain of community development research. Chapters unpack the foundations and history of community development research and also look to its future, exploring innovative frameworks for conceptualizing community development. Comprehensive and unequivocally progressive, this is key reading for social and public policy researchers in need of an understanding of the current trends in community development research, as well as practitioners and policymakers working on urban, rural and regional development.
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Chapter 18: Impact of socioeconomic characteristics on neighborhood environment satisfaction in deteriorated areas

Mostafa Norouzi, Abolfazl Meshkini and Somayeh Khademi

Abstract

The topic of satisfaction in residential areas like urban deteriorated neighborhoods has an extra sensitivity and complexity compared to the other urban neighborhoods due to factors such as high population density and concentration as well as centralization on the places without a solid organizational relationship with the city structures. However, today, looking at the place is not an algebraic view as it was before, it is getting close to an approach of a dynamic and interactive relationship between the human and geographical environment. Such an approach emphasizes social, cultural and psychological values of space. The aim of this study is to analyse the influential socioeconomic characteristic of satisfaction and the perception of residents in Ab-Kooh neighborhood, a deteriorated area in Mashhad. Data collected from the questionnaires were investigated by using statistical analysis methods in SPSS software. The results show that the level of satisfaction is low in the study area. Meanwhile, individual and household characteristics play an important role in residents’ perception and attitude toward the quality of neighborhood environment. Variables such as age, duration of inhabitancy in the neighborhood and education level are highly correlated with individuals' perception of the quality of their neighborhood environment, so that, with boosting the education level, the satisfaction with the quality of the environment comes down. Moreover, satisfaction increases with duration of inhabitancy in the neighborhood.

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