Sustainable and Efficient Transport
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Sustainable and Efficient Transport

Incentives for Promoting a Green Transport Market

Edited by Ellen Eftestøl-Wilhelmsson, Suvi Sankari and Anu Bask

The EU Commission has set the goal of facilitating a competitive transport system, increasing mobility and supporting growth while simultaneously reaching a target of 60 per cent emissions reductions by 2050. In light of past performance and estimated development, the target will not be reached without further behavioural change in the transport sector. This interdisciplinary book examines how such a behavioural shift can be achieved by various organizational and legal means, focusing primarily on the European Union and its specific policies related to greening transport.
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Chapter 2: Measures for the sustainable shipping of goods

Erik Røsæg

Abstract

Our style of life and standard of living is very dependent on world trade and, therefore, transport. This chapter discusses possible incentives for reducing GHG emissions in connection with shipping of goods with a particular emphasis on carriage by sea. Deep structural changes may be necessary. A tax on bunker fuel oil is a flexible and good alternative. Certain commercial practices, such as just-in-time, LayCan clauses and systems for queuing in port are disincentives to reduction of GHG emissions and should be reconsidered.

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