Sustainable and Efficient Transport
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Sustainable and Efficient Transport

Incentives for Promoting a Green Transport Market

Edited by Ellen Eftestøl-Wilhelmsson, Suvi Sankari and Anu Bask

The EU Commission has set the goal of facilitating a competitive transport system, increasing mobility and supporting growth while simultaneously reaching a target of 60 per cent emissions reductions by 2050. In light of past performance and estimated development, the target will not be reached without further behavioural change in the transport sector. This interdisciplinary book examines how such a behavioural shift can be achieved by various organizational and legal means, focusing primarily on the European Union and its specific policies related to greening transport.
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Chapter 7: Suitability of and regulatory barriers to the European emissions trading scheme regulating GHG emissions from transport

Emilie Yliheljo

Abstract

This chapter explores the suitability of and regulatory barriers to using the European emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) to regulate the growing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transport sector. The inclusion of aviation in the EU ETS and road transport in the Californian scheme demonstrates that it is possible to regulate the sector through emissions trading. Experiences with the inclusion of aviation and the subsequent exemption of international aviation pursuant to progress under the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) also show that for international sectors the scope of the EU ETS and the outcomes of international climate negotiations have a dynamic and interdependent relationship. Shipping is technically suitable for inclusion, but inclusion will depend on progress under IMO, as the EU’s preference is also for an international solution for shipping. The requirements for accurate data on emissions, the principle of direct emissions, and policy congestion constitute major barriers for the inclusion of road transport in the EU ETS that are currently difficult to overcome. The electrification of vehicles and vessels could, however, lead to the indirect inclusion of, in particular, road transport into the EU ETS through electricity producers.

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