The Handbook of Diverse Economies
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The Handbook of Diverse Economies

Edited by J. K. Gibson-Graham and Kelly Dombroski

Economic diversity abounds in a more-than-capitalist world, from worker-recuperated cooperatives and anti-mafia social enterprises to caring labour and the work of Earth Others, from fair trade and social procurement to community land trusts, free universities and Islamic finance. The Handbook of Diverse Economies presents research that inventories economic difference as a prelude to building ethical ways of living on our dangerously degraded planet. With contributing authors from twenty countries, it presents new thinking around subjectivity and methodology as strategies for making other worlds possible.
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Chapter 4: Self-managed enterprise: worker-recuperated cooperatives in Argentina and Latin America

Ana Inés Heras and Marcelo Vieta


This chapter discusses self-managed enterprises in Latin America with a focus on Argentina, analysing how they emerge, their implications for community economies, and their role in la econom'a de los trabajadores (the workers’ economy). The authors particularly address how empresas recuperadas por sus trabajadores (ERTs, worker-recuperated enterprises) transform capitalist and hierarchical firms into cooperative and horizontalized enterprises; how their self-managed workers rely on and further forge associated labour; and how these firms produce and share wealth rather than extracting surpluses for private gain. It is in these respects that the authors conceptualize these workers’ contributions to community economies and taking back the economy by and for workers. Further contextualizing ERTs’ contributions in the last 20 years, they finally identify three key forms of praxis threaded throughout these experiments in self-management: horizontalización (horizontalization), autogestión (self-management) and territorialización (territorialization).

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