Companies are responsible for conducting due diligence to ensure their operations respect human rights. Some take on this task by carrying out human rights impact assessments (HRIAs) for some or all of their operations and activities. Through such assessments, companies can create real opportunities for advancing the business and human rights agenda, predominantly by knowing their impacts and designing interventions to avoid, mitigate or remediate harms. However, company-commissioned HRIAs have suffered from various shortcomings in methodological consistency and rigour, implementation and follow-up, which jeopardize their effectiveness. This chapter examines the processes, limitations and opportunities for improvement in the field of company-commissioned HRIA.
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