Handbook on Human Rights Impact Assessment
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Handbook on Human Rights Impact Assessment

Edited by Nora Götzmann

Human rights impact assessment (HRIA) has increasingly gained traction among state, business and civil society actors since the endorsement of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights by the Human Rights Council in 2011. This timely and insightful Handbook addresses HRIA in the context of business and human rights.
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Chapter 14: Travel and tourism: A comparative analysis of different HRIA approaches

Sibylle Baumgartner and Tulika Bansal


This chapter provides an overview of two distinct types of human rights impact assessment (HRIA) conducted in the travel and tourism industry: a company-commissioned assessment from India and a sector-wide impact assessment (SWIA) from Myanmar. It compares the different methodologies applied against ‘good practice’ criteria for HRIA and discusses challenges encountered in each. Based on this comparative analysis, recommendations for future assessments are suggested. The chapter also evaluates the opportunities that HRIA creates, demonstrating that it is a learning process for the travel and tourism industry and that there is no singular way to assess human rights impacts. Furthermore, it notes that collaboration within the industry is crucial for achieving effective identification and implementation of mitigation measures that meaningfully address adverse human rights impacts. The chapter concludes with a number of outstanding challenges and recommendations for HRIA in the travel and tourism industry, and possibly beyond.

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