Handbook on Human Rights Impact Assessment
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Handbook on Human Rights Impact Assessment

Edited by Nora Götzmann

Human rights impact assessment (HRIA) has increasingly gained traction among state, business and civil society actors since the endorsement of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights by the Human Rights Council in 2011. This timely and insightful Handbook addresses HRIA in the context of business and human rights.
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Chapter 16: Infrastructure development in Africa: Making use of HRIA in public–private partnerships

Josua Loots


Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are often used as a procurement method and project model for essential services infrastructure. However, PPPs involve a number of environmental, social and human rights risks. While international organizations, development banks and national governments have developed a number of guidelines on PPPs, the guidelines developed thus far do not consider human rights as an explicit risk or impact category, posing the risk that human rights impacts related to essential services infrastructure are overlooked. Given this context, it is argued that human rights impact assessment (HRIA) could be a useful tool for helping to identify the human rights aspects of a PPP. HRIA involves clearly outlining the respective roles and responsibilities of different actors involved and proposing concrete measures to address any potential adverse human rights impacts. It is therefore suggested that human right analysis, including HRIA, be integrated into PPP governance frameworks for essential services infrastructure development.

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