Resilience and Urban Disasters
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Resilience and Urban Disasters

Surviving Cities

Edited by Kamila Borsekova and Peter Nijkamp

This book addresses unexpected disasters and shocks in cities and urban systems by providing quantitative and qualitative tools for impact analysis and disaster management. Including environmental catastrophes, political turbulence and economic shocks, Resilience and Urban Disasters explores a large range of tumultuous events and key case studies to thoroughly cover these core areas. In particular, the socio-economic impacts on urban systems that are subject to disasters are explored.
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Chapter 7: Arctic urbanization: resilience in a condition of permanent instability – the case of Russian Arctic cities

Nadezhda Zamyatina and Ruslan Goncharov

Abstract

Arctic cities are a singular phenomenon. The group of cities of the Russian Arctic is particularly distinguishable, characterized by relatively large populations and close connections with the extraction of natural resources. In addition to practical motivations, ideology played an important role in their emergence. Migration to, from and between Russian Arctic cities has been promoted as a key socio-economic element for ensuring their viability. Their migration specificity lies in the fact that a stable population is usually the result of a dynamic balance between large flows of incoming and outgoing migration. The large incoming migratory flows, even if the population is kept constant, have serious and multifarious consequences. On the one hand, they introduce problems of migrant adaptation; on the other, new knowledge is introduced to these industrial cities, promoting urban resilience and creativity.

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