Edited by Kamila Borsekova and Peter Nijkamp
Chapter 7: Arctic urbanization: resilience in a condition of permanent instability – the case of Russian Arctic cities
Arctic cities are a singular phenomenon. The group of cities of the Russian Arctic is particularly distinguishable, characterized by relatively large populations and close connections with the extraction of natural resources. In addition to practical motivations, ideology played an important role in their emergence. Migration to, from and between Russian Arctic cities has been promoted as a key socio-economic element for ensuring their viability. Their migration specificity lies in the fact that a stable population is usually the result of a dynamic balance between large flows of incoming and outgoing migration. The large incoming migratory flows, even if the population is kept constant, have serious and multifarious consequences. On the one hand, they introduce problems of migrant adaptation; on the other, new knowledge is introduced to these industrial cities, promoting urban resilience and creativity.
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