Edited by Kamila Borsekova and Peter Nijkamp
Chapter 9: Multi-hazard, exposure and vulnerability in Italian municipalities
Disaster risk is a function of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. These dimensions may show large heterogeneity also at a very local level. This work uses updated statistics on natural hazards (earthquake, landslide and flood hazards) at a municipality level in Italy in order to tackle the issue of multi-hazard. Through a cluster analysis and a Multi-Hazard Indicator it is possible to disentangle specific and geographically defined hazard patterns. Moreover, the analysis of both exposures and local vulnerabilities suggests that they tend to be linked with hazards. In this respect, Italian inner areas seem to face the most critical situation (and because of the lack of organisation infrastructures), and deserve proper attention. In particular, community resilience (as also promoted by the Sendai Framework) could be enhanced by a proper assessment of local hazards and vulnerabilities.
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