Toward Responsible and Coherent Regulatory Frameworks
Edited by Clair Gammage and Tonia Novitz
Chapter 2: Sustainable trade, renewable energy and the WTO
This chapter discusses the treatment of sustainability-related trade barriers pertaining to the trade of goods in the World Trade Organization (WTO) system. While the status of sustainability-related requirements that affect the final products’ characteristics is largely settled in the WTO, the status of requirements that are related to the method of production of the products (the non-product related process and production methods (PPMs)) is still unclear. At the same time, the sustainability of products over their entire lifecycle is often contingent on their production, rather than on their characteristics. This chapter discusses this problem by outlining the classic trade disputes concerning non-product related PPMs, analysing recent WTO disputes in the area, and analysing potential disputes in the renewable energy sector and their impact on the renewable energy related measures based on already settled WTO disputes.
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