Sustainable Trade, Investment and Finance
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Sustainable Trade, Investment and Finance

Toward Responsible and Coherent Regulatory Frameworks

Edited by Clair Gammage and Tonia Novitz

Sustainable development remains a high priority in international politics, as governments seek new methods of managing the consumption of resources while maintaining national economic growth. This timely book explores how the contours and facets of sustainability shape international laws and regulations that govern trade, investment and finance.'
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Chapter 6: Regulating sustainability by combining legality verification and market access: critical reflections on the EUs FLEGT scheme as smart-mix multi-level regulation for the timber sector

Karin Buhmann and Iben Nathan


The EU draws on smart-mix regulation when using market access as a lever for implementation of sustainability-related policy objectives related to forest law and governance in timber-exporting countries. Market access in combination with legality verification may be a powerful driver for reforms of law and governance, even pending granting of favourable market access. These are important outcomes; yet the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade scheme grants EU policy makers and regulators extraterritorial powers to influence law and governance affecting individuals, firms and public institutions that have no direct democratic influence on the framing conditions. This chapter maps these issues through the theory lens of multi-level regulation, testing and expanding the theory beyond the EU and providing recommendations for EU policy makers and regulators.

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