Structural Reforms for Growth and Cohesion
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Structural Reforms for Growth and Cohesion

Lessons and Challenges for CESEE Countries and a Modern Europe

Edited by Ewald Nowotny, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth

Effective and well-designed structural reforms are key to shaping Europe’s future in the context of the formidable challenges facing the continent today. This book examines the achievements and failures of past structural policies so that future ones can be adapted to address remaining and newly emerging challenges with greater success. Highlighting the social aspects and distributional effects of reforms that go beyond liberalization and deregulation, the book covers key issues facing future Europe, particularly those arising from technological innovation.
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Chapter 11: Crisis management and economic policy shifts in Hungary after 2010

Barnabás Virág


The structural and financing problems of the Hungarian economy became apparent well before the 2008_2009 financial crisis. Low labour market activity slowed down the growth potential of the economy; meanwhile, high foreign and domestic debt increased vulnerability. The global crisis had severe adverse real economic effects, while the deepening political crisis has also hampered effective crisis management. Recognizing the special nature of the crisis, Hungarian economic policy introduced and implemented a new economic strategy, incorporating both conventional and non-conventional elements, based on the coordinated functioning of fiscal and monetary policy. Mutually complementary and sequential steps were able to stabilize the financial situation of the Hungarian economy, and restart growth and the healthy functioning of financial intermediation; meanwhile, the social acceptance of reforms has been preserved. However, to make economic convergence sustainable, turnaround in competitiveness is still needed.

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